Social Program

Welcome party

The welcome party will take place on monday from 19.30 at the Caffe' degli Spiriti, Terrazza del Bastione di Saint Remy. How to reach Caffe' degli Spiriti .

Conference Excursion

The conference excursion is planned on Wednesday, May 30.

Excursion 1: Su Nuraxi Barumini (UNESCO world heritage) and Casa Zapata

Excursion 2: Nora

Excursion 3: Cagliari

Optional Excursions

Optional half day or full day tours for accompanying persons or small groups can be arranged. Contact directly Sardinia Adventures - Sandro Aresu:, tel. +39 333 9434280, web:

Below some possible excursions are briefly described.

Excursion 1: Sail-boat cruise along the Cagliari coast

Excursion 2: Land rover excursion along the south-east hills and beaches

• How to reach Caffe' degli Spiriti - Terrazza del Bastione di Saint Remy

The Bastione di Saint Remy is at the heart of Cagliari. Here is a possible walking route to reach it from T-Hotel (1.8 km, 20 min walking distance). Bastione 1           Bastione 2         

Bastione 3

Back to top

• Excursion 1: Su Nuraxi Barumini (UNESCO world heritage)

This excursion will take you to the most striking ruins of the nuragic civilization, dating back to the neolithic period.

Details: Departure from T-Hotel at 13.30. Lunch on the bus. The bus takes 1 hour to reach Barumini. The bus will be back at T-hotel at 19-19.30.

Indicative cost: 31 euros (depending on number of participants there could be a variation of a few euro). This includes the visit of the Su Nuraxi Barumini and Casa Zapata, a palace dating from the XV century (spanish period) built on top af a nuraghe which can be admired walking on a glass floor.

About Su Nuraxi Barumini The nuraghi of Sardinia, of which Su Nuraxi is the pre-eminent example, represent an exceptional response to political and social conditions, making an imaginative and innovative use of the materials and techniques available to a prehistoric island community. During the middle and late Bronze Age (c . 1500-800 BC) on Sardinia a unique form of architecture developed: circular defensive towers in the form of truncated cones built from dressed stone, with corbel-vaulted internal chambers. Some (as at Barumini) were surrounded by quadrilobate enclosures consisting of towers linked by massive walls. Villages of small circular-plan houses developed around these strongpoints. The precise dating of the period of building the nuraghi on Sardinia is still the subject of debate among scholars, as there is some conflict between radiocarbon dates and those obtained by conventional archaeological stratigraphy. The influence of the Mycenaean tholos tombs, reflected in the corbelled roofs, now favours an earlier rather than a later dating. It is generally accepted that the central tower at Barumini dates from the later 2nd millennium BC.

The central defensive structures are considered to have been built by single families or clans. As Sardinian society evolved in a more complex and hierarchical fashion, there was a tendency for the isolated towers to attract additional structures, for social and defensive reasons. The major effort towards the extension and elaboration of the defensive works at Barumini is dated to the early Iron Age (10th-8th centuries BC) when Sardinia was exposed to Carthaginian incursions. It is significant that the larger nuraghic settlements of this type are located on those parts of the coast, or on the wide coastal plain of the eastern half of the island (as is the case of Su Nuraxi), that were most vulnerable to seabome attacks. It was during this period that the defences at Barumini and elsewhere were strengthened and the villages accreted around the central defences for protection. They became in effect small urban settlements, housing self-sufficient communities with their own range of craftsmen.

Some time in the 7th century BC, Su Nuraxi was sacked by the Carthaginians and the defensive works were slighted. However, it continued as a settlement, the houses being rebuilt in a different style. With the Roman conquest of the island in the 2nd century BC most of the nuraghi went out of use. However, excavations have shown that there were people living at Su Nuraxi until the 3rd century AD.

Barumini 1           Barumini 1          Barumini 1

Enlarged view

Back to top

• Excursion 2: Nora (Pula)

This excursion will take you to the ruins of what is, according to tradition, the most ancient town of Sardinia, built around 800 bc by the phoenicians.

Details: Departure from T-Hotel at 13.30. Lunch on the bus. The bus takes 1 hour to reach Nora. The bus will be back at T-hotel at 19-19.30.

Indicative cost: 29 euros (depending on number of participants there could be a variation of a few euro). This includes the visit of the Nora complex.

About Nora The archaeological site of Nora returned ancient ruins from Nuragic era until the early Middle Ages, when the city was abandoned. According to tradition, it is the oldest town in Sardinia. Starting around the eighth century bc, the Phoenician colonization placed Nora at the center of important trade routes, as witnessed by its three ports, now mostly submerged. A sanctuary in tip Coltellazzo and a residential and manufacturing district below the levels of the Roman forum date also from this period.

Subsequently, during the Punic period, Nora further increased its importance, reaching a significant prosperity and becoming one of the most important cities of the south coast of Sardinia. There are a few buildings dating from the Punic period: the temple of Tanit, the remains of fortifications on Coltellazzo, the foundry and the remains of walls to frame the lower levels of the sea area. Funerary objects reaffirm the fervor of activity and trade. The tombs have yielded rich ceramic kits produced locally, imported from Greece, amulets, jewelry, precious metals and other personal ornaments.

By 238 BC the Roman period started. You can see four thermal baths, mosaic floors, a beautiful little theater of the second century ad, all well preserved, as well as some villas located at some distance from the city center. The houses of ordinary people were small, consisting mostly of one room downstairs and a wooden loft upstairs used for sleeping. During the fourth and fifth century, with the crisis of the Roman Empire, the maritime trade and the area became too insecure and vulnerable to pirate raids. The inhabitants of Nora fled to the interior and finally the town was completely abandoned during the eighth century ad.

Nora 1           Nora 2          Nora 3

Enlarged view

Back to top

• Excursion 3: Tour of Cagliari

This excursion will take you through the hills of Cagliari in the historic quartes of Castello and Marina, along the Cagliari beach Poetto which is almost 10 km long and to the salt ponds with the pink flamingos.

Details: Departure from T-Hotel at 13.30. The bus will be back at T-hotel at 19-19.30.

Indicative cost: 26 euros (depending on number of participants there could be a variation of a few euro).

Cagliari 1           Cagliari 2          Cagliari 3

About Cagliari Cagliari (the capital city of Sardegna), was founded by Phoenicians almost 3000 years ago. Often referred to as the "City of the Sun", Cagliari has some interesting medieval architecture and archaeological wonders left behind by different cultures. Phoenicians founded the ancient port town of Cagliari (known as Karalis), and many different civilizations later have dominated and influenced its culture: Romans, Pisans, Spanish.

Besides its crystal-clear sea and one of the most beautiful and longest beaches in the Mediterranean (10 km), Cagliari offers an unspoiled natural environment consisting of lagoons, bird sanctuaries, and wildlife reserves which are unique in Europe. Il Poetto, Cagliari’s most popular stretch of beach spans from the Devil’s Saddle to the Margine Rosso (Red Bluff). Behind Il Poetto, the salt water Stagno di Molentargius provides a habitat for flamingos.

Cagliari’s historic “old town” (Castello) has an appealing North African character. In the Castello district, the Romans and, later, Pisans, built defenses. You can linger at the various archaeological sites along the route, or visit the Cittadella dei Musei (the former royal arsenal). It houses several museums, including the Museo Nazionale Archaeologico. This museum has an extensive collection of Sardinian artifacts from the Nuraghic era to the Byzantine, ornaments from the Punic Phoenician Age, and impressive Roman glass works and mosaics. Also in the Cittadella dei Musei is the Pinacoteca, an art gallery which displays medieval and Baroque religious paintings.

Or, visit the Duomo (Cattedrale di Santa Maria). Constructed by the Pisans during the second half of the 13th century, this massive Gothic cathedral was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St. Cecilia and modeled after the one in Pisa. It contains art by Pisan masters. The pulpits on either side of the main door, carved in 1162, are by Gugliemo, and the four wrestling lions at the base of the altarpiece are by Pisano.

And in the Piazza San Cosimo, the 6th-century church of San Saturnino is a rare monument to Byzantine occupation.

Don’t miss the Bastione San Remy on Piazza Costituzione which offers magnificent views over the city and surrounding countryside.

Back to top

• Optional excursion 1: Sailing along the Cagliari coast

In this excursion you will sail along the Cagliari coast from the port to the Poetto beach on board of a 15 m sailboat. People on boad will have the possibility to participate to the rigging. Water and soft drinks are offered.

Details: Departure from the port with boats for 10 people + skipper.

Cost: The cost per boat is 908 euro.

sail 1           sail 2

Back to top

• Optional excursion 2: Land rover excursion along the south-east hills and beaches

Possibile Itinerary: visit of the Notteri pond where the pink flamingos can be admired. Through a pine wood, the excursion will reach porto Giunco and Capo Carbonara where the ruins of an ancient granite quarry can be visited, the Cavoli and Serpentara islands and old spanish towers can be admired. Through Santo Stefano and Fortezza Vecchia you will then stop in the small town of Villasimius for a visit of the archeological museum. The trip will continue to the beautiful beaches of Punta Molentis, Cala Pira and Cala Sinzias for a relaxing swim. The excursion will then move to the interior hills in the natural reserve "Sette Fratelli" passing through the old prison of Castiadas. The last stop will be in the coast village of Solanas where the entire gulf of Cagliari can be admired.

Details: Departure from the T-hotel. Half day excursions are possible either leaving early in the morning or early in the afternoon. Full day excursions are also possible.

Cost: Half day excursions: the cost per land rover with 6 or 8 seats is 484 euro. Full day excursion: the cost per land rover with 6 or 8 seats is 544 euro.

Defender 1           Defender 2          Defender 3 Cala Sinzias 1           Cala Sinzias 2          Cala Sinzias 3

Visualizzazione ingrandita della mappa

Back to top